Vitamins and essential minerals

This page outlines the vitamins and minerals which are essential for our health. It includes the recommended daily amounts and normal blood ranges and describes why vitamins and essential minerals are necessary for certain biological processes within the body, alongside how deficiencies (or excess in some cases) can cause medical conditions or increase the risk of chronic illnesses. Within each section, it reviews the up-to-date scientific studies evaluating supplementation. Finally, it lists the most important food sources for these vitamins and essential minerals.

Vitamin B