Sodium

Target sodium levels vary based on age, co-existing health conditions, ethnicity, and gender. Consult with a health care provider to find an ideal target, which may range from 1,500 to 2,300 milligrams each day.28 Ninety percent of the population overconsumes sodium, with an average intake of 3,592 milligrams each day.29 For individuals struggling with hypertension, high amounts of sodium contribute to excess fluid in the body and makes it harder for the heart to maintain optimal blood flow—increasing the risk for cardiovascular problems.

References

Fang J, Cogswell ME, Park S, Jackson S, Odom E. Sodium intake among U.S. adults—26 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, 2013. MMWR, 64;695-698.
29. Yang Q, Liu T, Kuklina EV, et al. Sodium and potassium intake and mortality among US adults: prospective data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. JAMA Intern Med. 2011;171:1183-1191.